Sentence Transformation Exercise

Bisogna completare la seconda frase in modo che fornisce esattamente la stessa informazione della prima frase utilizzando un massimo di TRE parole.

Se lavori dal PC (scelta consigliata) puoi controllare le tue risposte fermando il cursore del mouse sullo spazio nella seconda frase SENZA cliccare. Se lavori da smartphone o tablet puoi consultare le soluzioni in fondo alla pagina (meno comodo).

BUON LAVORO!


1) We have a new swimming pool in our town.
There __________ a new swimming pool in our town.

2) The new pool opened five days ago.
The new pool has been open __________ five days.

3) The old swimming pool wasn’t as big as the new one.
The new swimming pool is __________ the old one.

4) The new pool is closed on Wednesday mornings.
The new pool isn’t __________ on Wednesday mornings.

5) Young children are not allowed to go in the deep end.
Young children must __________ in the deep end.

6) This is the first time I’ve been to the new pool.
I __________ been to the new pool before.

7) I went to the old pool every week.
I used __________ to the old pool every week.

8) My old swimming costume isn’t big enough for me.
My old swimming costume is too __________ for me.

9) I borrowed a swimming costume from my friend.
My friend __________ a swimming costume.

10) We stayed in the pool for two hours.
We __________ two hours in the pool.

11) The Royal Cinema is near my house.
The Royal Cinema is not __________ my house.

12) The cinema has eight screens.
There __________ eight screens in the cinema .

13) I go there every Sunday with my friend.
I go there __________ Sundays with my friend.

14) We pay £6 each for the tickets.
The tickets __________ £6 each.

15) Last week my sister said she wanted to come with us.
Last week my sister said, “I __________ come with you.”

16) My brother is too young to come with us.
My brother isn’t __________ to come with us.

17) The film was so long that I fell asleep.
It was such __________ that I fell asleep.

18) I found the film boring.
I was __________ by the film.

19) The title of the film was Barry Lyndon.
The film was __________ Barry Lyndon.

20) My sister said it was the worst film she’d ever seen.
My sister said, “__________ the worst film I’ve ever seen.”

21) My friend and I took the bus to town last week.
My friend and I went to town __________ last week.

22) My friend forgot to bring her purse.
My friend didn’t __________ bring her purse.

23) She asked me how much money I had in my purse.
She asked me,”How much money __________ in your purse?”

24) First we went into a shop called The Blue Banana.
First we went into a shop __________ name was The Blue Banana.

25) We couldn’t afford the clothes in The Blue Banana.
The clothes in The Blue Banana were __________ for us.

26) We bought nothing in The Blue Banana.
We didn’t __________ in The Blue Banana.

27) The shop next door is owned by my mother’s friend.
My mother’s friend __________ the shop next door.

28) Although she showed me lots of clothes, I couldn’t choose.
She showed me lots of clothes __________ I couldn’t choose.

29) We said, “If we don’t hurry, we’ll miss the bus”.
We said, “Unless __________ we’ll miss the bus”.

30) We had such a tiring day we fell asleep on the bus.
We were so __________ we fell asleep on the bus.

31) All the people in my class went to a restaurant together.
__________ in my class went to a restaurant together.

32) The restaurant is usually crowded because it’s so good.
It’s usually crowded because it’s __________ good restaurant.

33) It’s less crowded on weekdays.
It isn’t __________ crowded on weekdays.

34) The restaurant had a large garden at the back.
__________ a large garden at the back of the restaurant.

35) Before choosing our food, we asked the waiter’s advice.
We asked the waiter’s advice, then __________ our food.

36) The waiter recommended a fish dish.
The waiter said, “If I __________ you, I’d have the fish dish.

37) The service charge wasn’t included in the bill.
The bill __________ the service charge.

38) The ring I bought was more expensive than the others in the shop.
I bought __________ ring in the shop.

39) The moon is smaller than the earth.
The moon is not __________ the earth.

40) My brother is shorter than all the other boys in his class.
My brother is __________ in his class.

41) Sailing is less tiring than windsurfing.
Sailing is not __________ windsurfing.

42) Children are given a quiz when they arrive at the museum.
The museum __________ children a quiz when they arrive.

43) I am driven to school every day by my father.
My father __________ to school every day.

44) I have never lived in a flat before.
This is the first time I __________ in a flat.

45) My new flat is near the station.
My new flat is not __________ the station.

46) The flat is smaller than my old one.
The flat is not __________ my old one.

47) I moved into this flat three weeks ago.
I __________ this flat for three weeks.

48) The flat has one bedroom.
There __________ one bedroom in the flat.

49) From my window, I have a lovely view.
From my window, the view __________ lovely.

50) From this flat, my journey to work is very short.
I get to work very __________ from this flat.

51) Tickets are sold at the box office until 8pm.
The box office __________ tickets until 8pm.

52) There was such a tall man in front of me that I couldn’t see very well.
The man in front of me was __________ that I couldn’t see very well.

53) The orchestra played too softly so it was difficult to hear the music.
The orchestra didn’t play __________ so it was difficult to hear the music.

54) Some of the performers were very good dancers indeed.
Some of the performers danced very __________ indeed.

55) We should go to musicals more often.
We ought __________ to musicals more often.

56) She said, “Please lend me some money, Bill.”
She asked Bill __________ some money.

57) “Don’t put anything on my desk, Susan,” said Derek.
Derek told Susan __________ anything on his desk.

58) “Can you phone the bank please, Mrs Jones?” said the accountant.
The accountant asked Mrs Jones __________ the bank.

59) “Please don’t touch my computer Adam,” I said.
I asked Adam __________ touch my computer.

60) The manager said “Don’t go into my office, Jenny.”
The manager told Jenny __________ into his office.”

61) “Please tidy all the shelves, Helen,” said Jasper.
Jasper asked Helen __________ all the shelves.

62) “Mike, give me my jacket,” said Dave.
Dave asked Mike __________ his jacket.


ATTENZIONE
SOLUZIONI QUI SOTTO

right-wrong
down-arrows
down-arrows

1) is
2) for
3) bigger than
4) open
5) not go
6) haven’t / have never
7) to go
8) small
9) lent me
10) spent
11) far from
12) are
13) on
14) cost
15) want to
16) old enough
17) a long film
18) bored
19) called
20) This is / It is
21) by bus
22) remember to
23) have you got / do you have
24) whose
25) too expensive
26) buy anything
27) owns
28) but
29) we hurry
30) tired
31) everyone / everybody
32) such a
33) as / so
34) There was
35) (we) chose
36) were
37) didn’t / did not include
38) the most expensive
39) as big as
40) the shortest boy
41) as tiring as
42) gives
43) drives me
44) have lived in
45) far from
46) as big as
47) have been in / have lived in
48) is
49) is
50) quickly
51) sells
52) so tall
53) loudly enough
54) well
55) to go
56) to lend her
57) not to put
58) to phone
59) not to
60) not to go
61) to tidy
62) to give him


Active to passive

esercizio con la forma passiva
[vedi articolo]
• intermediate •

Cambia le frasi qui sotto dalla forma attiva alla forma passiva. Dove c’è un complemento di termine in grassetto, usalo come soggetto della frase passiva invece del complemento oggetto.

  1. We only use this room on special occasions.
  2. They feed the seals at the zoo twice a day.
  3. Students are doing a lot of the work.
  4. Are they pulling down the old theatre?
  5. They rang the church bells as a flood warning.
  6. Lightning hit the old oak tree.
  7. They were cleaning the windows and sweeping the floors.
  8. Someone was selling lottery tickets at the door.
  9. Will they give us a guide?
  10. We will not admit children under sixteen.
  11. Has someone made the sandwiches?
  12. The author has written a special edition for children.
  13. People must not leave bicycles in the entrance hall.
  14. Can children do this kind of work?
  15. They told her what to do.
  16. They showed us to our seats.
  • Se vuoi un riscontro diretto, lascia le tue versioni nei commenti.
  • Altrimenti aspetta che pubblico le mie versioni tra qualche giorno.
  • Non guardare i commenti degli altri se non vuoi farti influenzare.

BUON LAVORO!


Would you like some tea?

~ some / any / a ~

Esercizio a livello elementary.
Per trovare le soluzioni, passaci sopra lo spazio con il mouse senza cliccare.

[pc only]

    1. There’s  _______  milk in the fridge, but there aren’t  _______  biscuits.
    2. I can’t find  _______  good postcards of the cathedral.
    3. Tom bought  _______  new jacket yesterday.
    4. The supermarket didn’t have  _______  lemons.
    5. Do you want  _______  glass of wine with your sandwich?
    6. We’ve still got  _______  tickets for the concert on Sunday evening.
    7. Do you know  _______  good restaurants around here?
    8. We had  _______  good lunch and  _______  free time in the afternoon.
    9. Would you like  _______  strawberries and ice cream?
    10. There is  _______  bus stop but I can’t see  _______  buses.

grammar


Ode to the spell checker

Ammettilo, quante volte hai contemplato l’idea di disattivare il predictive text (ex T9) del tuo smartphone? Già. Il predictive text. Una di quelle trovate super-tecnologiche che tanto sembra una buon’idea, tanto può essere davvero frustrante quando cerchi di mandare un messaggio, sopratutto se vai di premura.

Bene, qualche inglese anonimo e spiritoso ha scritto questa ode in onore del famigerato Spell Checker. Il tuo lavoro? Riscriverla nei commenti in un inglese corretto. Buon divertimento!

Eye have a spelling checker,
It came with my pea sea,
It plane lea marques four my revue
Miss steaks eye can knot sea.

Eye strike a key and type a word
And weight four it two say
Weather eye am wrong oar write,
It shows me strait a weigh.

As soon as a mist ache is maid
It nose bee fore two long,
And eye can put the error rite,
It’s rare lea ever wrong.

Eye have run this poem threw it,
Eye am shore your pleased two no,
Its letter perfect awl the weigh,
My checker tolled me sew.


Who is Johnny Depp?

Exercise: past simple vs. past continuous

Bisogna mettere tutti i verbi che trovi scritti tra parentesi, nel tempo corretto, scegliendo principalmente tra il past simple e il past continuous, ma tenendo presente che dove c’è il discorso diretto, potranno servire anche degli altri tempi. Bisogna ricordare che il past simple serve per l’andamento narrativo (in ordine cronologico) mentre il past continuous serve per descrivere quelle azioni che erano già in corso in un momento specifico del narrativo.

Buon lavoro!


Who is Johnny Depp?

Last summer I __________ (go) to Los Angeles to stay with my cousin for a few weeks. One afternoon we _______ (have) lunch in a nice restaurant in the centre of town when my cousin __________ (get) a call on her mobile phone and __________ (go) outside to talk.

While she __________ (speak) to her friend, I suddenly __________ (notice) a man in a black hat who __________ (sit) at the next table. It __________ (be) the actor Johnny Depp! He __________ (be) alone, and I __________ (decide) to take my chance. So I __________ (get up) and __________ (go) to his table.

“Excuse me, can I take a photograph with you and me together?” I __________ (ask).

He __________ (say) yes, so I __________ (stop) a waitress who __________ (pass) and __________ (give) my camera to her. She __________ (take) the photo of me with Johnny and I __________ (thank) her and __________ (go back) to my table.

When my cousin __________ (come back) , I __________ (smile) . “Why __________ (smile) ?” she __________ (ask) .
“The waitress __________ (just take) a photo of me with Johnny Depp!” I __________ (reply) .

“Johnny Depp? Where is he?” she __________ (ask) .
“He __________ (sit) at that table.” I __________ (reply) .
She __________ (turn) to look and then __________ (start) to laugh.
“That __________ (not be) Johnny Depp!” she __________ (say).
I __________ (look) again at the man in the black hat: he __________ (laugh) too!


ATTENZIONE
VERSIONE CORRETTA QUI SOTTO

right-wrong

down-arrows

down-arrows


Rosso = past simple

Blue = past continuous

Viola = altri tempi


Last summer I went to Los Angeles to stay with my cousin for a few weeks. One afternoon we were having lunch in a nice restaurant in the centre of town when my cousin got a call on her mobile phone and went outside to talk.

While she was speaking to her friend, I suddenly noticed a man in a black hat who was sitting at the next table. It was the actor Johnny Depp! He was alone, and I decided to take my chance. So I got up and went to his table.

“Excuse me, can I take a photograph with you and me together?” I asked.

He said yes, so I stopped a waitress who was passing and gave my camera to her. She took the photo of me with Johnny and I thanked her and went back to my table.

When my cousin came back, I was smiling. “Why are you smiling?” she asked.
“The waitress has just taken a photo of me with Johnny Depp!” I replied.

“Johnny Depp? Where is he?” she asked.
“He is sitting at that table.” I replied.
She turned to look and then started to laugh.
“That isn’t Johnny Depp!” she said.
I looked again at the man in the black hat: he was laughing too!


Life is too short for drama

ELEMENTARY EXERCISE

Le cinque domande nell’immagine qui sopra utilizzano una grammatica colloquiale dove manca il soggetto e la forma interrogativa è incompleta. Lascia un commento con le cinque domande riscritte nella forma corretta.


Future hopes

How would you describe this cartoon?
Is it funny, sad, ironical, hopeful, stupid, realistic, depressing?
Is it trying to make a point?
Is there a play on words?

~ Leave your opinion in the comments ~


Which future?

WHICH FUTURE?

La scelta della forma futura più adatta per una frase dipende moltissimo dal contesto in cui la frase viene utilizzata e spesso anche dal taglio che l’interlocutore vuole dare al messaggio. Di conseguenza un esercizio come questo che è privo di un contesto reale può diventare un po’ problematico. Tuttavia ritengo che sia utile. Bisogna, però, affrontare ogni frase costruendosi un contesto imaginario che permette di individuare la forma più idonea, soprattutto quando più di una forma sarebbe possibile (ricorda che il present continuous è quasi sempre preferito al ‘going to’ quando la frase lo permette). Si consiglia per chi non è familiare con le quattro forme basi per il tempo futuro in inglese, la lettura dell’articolo che si trova QUI. Le soluzioni sono in fondo alla pagina.


EXERCISE 1

Traduci le seguenti frasi dall’italiano all’inglese cercando di utilizzare la forma del futuro che più si addice alla situazione immaginaria.

  1. “Costruiranno un albergo qui.”
  2. “Chiedi a Jill. Ti aiuterà.”
  3. “Luca non lavora la prossima settimana.”
  4. “Non telefonare alle 2.00. Non saremo a casa.”
  5. “Il concerto sta per iniziare.”
  6. “Non credo che il Milan vincerà.”
  7. “Restate a casa stasera?”
  8. “Credi che pioverà questo fine settimana?”
  9. “Domani alle 9.00 saremo a Vienna.”
  10. “Ti ricorderai di mandarmi una cartolina?”
  11. “L’aereo parte nel pomeriggio.”
  12. “Tom non sarà in ufficio domani. Va a Londra.”
  13. “Inviterai molta gente alla tua festa?”
  14. “Mi dispiace. Non succederà più.” (più = again)
  15. “Uscite voi stasera? Noi andiamo al cinema.”
  16. “Penso che Luigi non verrà.” (I don’t think…)
  17. “Siamo in ritardo! Perderemo il treno!” (perdere = to miss)
  18. “Guido io. Tu sei troppo stanco.”
  19. “Dove passerete le vacanze di Natale?” (passare = to spend)
  20. “Credo che guarderò un film stasera.”
  21. “La partita finisce alle 4.30 questo pomeriggio.”
  22. “Che cosa farà Lara dopo l’università?” – “Cercherà un lavoro.”
  23. “Non ti alzare. Lavo io i piatti.”

EXERCISE 2

Metti i verbi che trovi tra parentesi nella forma del futuro che più si addice alla situazione immaginaria.

  1. “You (go) out this evening?” – “No, I’m too tired.”
  2. “Don’t drink coffee before you go to bed. You (not sleep).”
  3. “We (go) to a concert this evening. It (start) at 7.30.”
  4. “Aren’t you ready yet?” – “Not yet. I (be) ready in five minutes.”
  5. “Do you know about Sally? She (get) married next month!”
  6. “It (not rain) so you don’t need to take an umbrella.”
  7. “My parents (go) on holiday next month.” – “Really! Where they (go)?”
  8. “Go to bed early and you (feel) better in the morning.”
  9. “Silvia is doing an English course. It (finish) on Friday.”
  10. “It’s Bob’s birthday tomorrow. He (be) twenty-five.”
  11. “There’s a football match tomorrow but I (not go).”
  12. “I’m sorry I was late this morning. It (not happen) again.”
  13. “I (go) out with some friends tonight. We (meet) at John’s house at 8 o’clock.”
  14. “I want some fresh air. I think I (go) for a walk after lunch.”
  15. “How you (get) home after the party tomorrow? The last bus (leave) at midnight.”
  16. “There’s no milk for breakfast tomorrow.” – “Don’t worry. I (buy) some on my way home.”
  17. “Do you want to go to the cinema tonight?” – “Yes, what time the film (begin)?
  18. “This letter is for Rosie.” – “OK. I (give) it to her.”
  19. “What you (do) next Monday afternoon?” – “I (work).
  20. “I (play) bridge tonight with Alan and Jill.”
  21. “I’m sure that I (recognise) her.”
  22. “Did you remember to book seats?” – “No, I forgot. I (telephone) now.”
  23. “We (have) some friends to lunch tomorrow.”
  24. “I (see) her tomorrow.”
  25. “John (bring) me his old piano this afternoon.” – “Really! Where you (put) it?”
  26. “We (know) tonight.”
  27. “You (go) to the auction (asta) tomorrow?” – “Yes, I (go), but I (not buy) anything.”
  28. “I told her three times yesterday. I (not tell) her again today.”
  29. “He (play) in a tennis match on Friday.”
  30. “My nephew (come) to stay with me next weekend.” – “Which room you (give) him?”
  31. “He (not believe) it.”
  32. “I (spend) a few days in Wincanton next week.”
  33. “He has gone to hospital with a broken leg.” – “I’m sorry to hear that. I (send) him a card.”
  34. “I (move) to a new flat next week.”
  35. “John’s father (build) a new garage here.”
  36. “I can’t understand this letter. It’s in German” – “”I (call) my son. He (translate) it for you.”
  37. “When you (meet) them?”
  38. “What you (tell) the police? – “I (tell) them the truth.” (la verità)
  39. “You (have) another cup of coffee?” – “No, thank you.”
  40. “He (start) tomorrow.”
  41. “When you (have) your next lesson?” – “I (have) it on Monday.”
  42. “I (give) him a football for his next birthday.”
  43. “Look what I bought in the sales (saldi)!” – “What a strange thing! Where you (put) it?”
  44. “He (wash) the car?”
  45. “Did you know that France (play) against England on Saturday?”
  46. “You (eat) it raw (crudo)? You (be) ill.”
  47. “Why are you cutting those mushrooms?” – “I (put) them in the sauce.”
  48. “You (tidy) (ordinare) the garage?” – “Yes, you (help) me?”
  49. “The inspector (ask) you a few questions.”
  50. “How do I get from here to London Bridge?” – “I don’t know, but I (ask) that policeman.”
  51. “I (compete) in the bicycle race tomorrow.”
  52. “I’m sure that you (like) her.”
  53. “My brother came back from Spain this morning” – “Oh good, we (invite) him to our next party.”
  54. “He (leave) in a few days.”
  55. “What you (do) when you grow up?” – “I (be) an actress.”
  56. “You (open) the door for me, please?”
  57. “You look frozen. Sit down and I (make) you a cup of tea.”
  58. “Don’t worry. I (not forget).”
  59. “Mr Pitt said that he (not come) back until Wednesday evening.”
  60. “What you (do) with all the money?”

ATTENZIONE
VERSIONE CORRETTA QUI SOTTO

right-wrong
down-arrows
down-arrows

EXERCISE 1

1. “They’re going to build a hotel here.”
(intentional future: chi lo dice è informato e in più non c’è l’avverbio di tempo futuro)

2. “Ask Jill. She’ll help you.”
(constatazione soggettiva: esprime il parere di chi parla)

3. “Luca isn’t working next week.”
(diary future: chi lo dice è informato e c’è l’avverbio di tempo futuro)

4. “Don’t call at 2:00. We won’t be at home.”
(il verbo ‘to be’: tende sempre a preferire l’uso di ‘will’)

5. “The concert is going to start.”
(previsione oggettiva: dichiarazione basata su segni visibili)

6. “I don’t think Milan will win.”
(previsione soggettiva: secondo chi parla il Milan non vincerà)

7. “Are you staying at home this evening?”
(diary future: domanda che riguarda i programmi di altri)

8. “Do you think it will rain this weekend?”
(previsione soggettiva: secondo te, pioverà?)

9. “Tomorrow at 9:00 we’ll be in Vienna.”
(il verbo ‘to be’: tende sempre a preferire l’uso di ‘will’)

10. “Will you remember to send me a postcard?”
(previsione soggettiva: credi che ricorderai?)

11. “The plane leaves in the afternoon.”
(timetable future: partenze e arrivi con il present simple)

12. “Tom won’t be in the office tomorrow. He’s going to London.”
(il verbo ‘to be’: tende sempre a preferire l’uso di ‘will’)
(diary future: la partenza per Londra è programmata)

13. “Are you going to invite many people to your party?”
(intentional future: domanda che riguarda le intenzioni di altri)

14. “I’m sorry. It won’t happen again.”
(promesse e rifiuti: si presenta come una promessa)

15. “Are you going out this evening? We’re going to the cinema.”
(diary future: domanda e risposta che riguardano programmi)

16. “I don’t think Luigi will come.”
(constatazione soggettiva: parere di chi parla)

17. “We’re late! We’ll miss the train!”
(previsione soggettiva: parere di chi parla)

“We’re late! We’re going to miss the train!”
(previsione oggettiva: parere basato su dati reali)

18. “I’ll drive. You’re too tired.”
(futuro spontaneo: decisione presa sul momento)

19. “Where are you spending your Christmas holidays?”
(diary future: domanda che riguarda i programmi di altri)

“Where are you going to spend your Christmas holidays?”
(intentional future: domanda che riguarda le intenzioni di altri)

20. “I think I’ll watch a film this evening.”
(futuro spontaneo: decisione presa sul momento)

21. “The match finishes at 4.30 this afternoon.”
(timetable future: inizi e fini con il present simple)

22. “What’s Lara going to do after university?” “She’s going to look for a job.”
(intentional future: domanda e risposta che riguardano intenzioni)

23. “Don’t get up. I’ll wash the dishes/plates.”
(futuro spontaneo: decisione presa sul momento)


EXERCISE 2

 1. “Are you going out this evening?” – “No, I’m too tired.”
(diary future: domanda che riguarda i programmi di altri)
Are you going to go out this evening?” – “No, I’m too tired.”
(intentional future: domanda che riguarda le intenzioni di altri)

2. “Don’t drink coffee before you go to bed. You won’t sleep.”
(constatazione soggettiva: parere di chi parla)

3. “We’re going to a concert this evening. It starts at 7.30.”
(diary future: l’uscita per il concerto è programmata)
(timetable future: inizio e fine con il present simple)

4. “Aren’t you ready yet?” – “Not yet. I’ll be ready in five minutes.”
(il verbo ‘to be’: tende sempre a preferire l’uso di ‘will’)

5. “Do you know about Sally? She is getting married next month!”
(diary future: il matrimonio è programmato)

6. “It won’t rain so you don’t need to take an umbrella.”
(previsione soggettiva: parere di chi parla)

7. “My parents are going on holiday next month.” – “Really! Where are they going?”
(diary future: la vacanza è programmata)

8. “Go to bed early and you’ll feel better in the morning.”
(constatazione soggettiva: parere di chi parla)

9. “Silvia is doing an English course. It finishes on Friday.”
(timetable future: inizio e fine con il present simple)

10. “It’s Bob’s birthday tomorrow. He’ll be twenty-five.”
(il verbo ‘to be’: tende sempre a preferire l’uso di ‘will’)

11. “There’s a football match tomorrow but I’m not going.”
(diary future: già programmato da parte di chi parla)
“There’s a football match tomorrow but I’m not going to go.”
(intentional future: chi parla non intende andarci)

12. “I’m sorry I was late this morning. It won’t happen again.”
(promesse e rifiuti: si presenta come una promessa)

13. “I’m going out with some friends tonight. We’re meeting at John’s house at 8 o’clock.”
(diary future: uscita già programmata da parte di chi parla)

14. “I want some fresh air. I think I’ll go for a walk after lunch.”
(futuro spontaneo: decisione presa sul momento)

15. “How are you getting home after the party tomorrow? The last bus leaves at midnight.”
(diary future: domanda che riguarda i programmi di altri)
(timetable future: partenze e arrivi con il present simple)
“How are you going to get home after the party tomorrow?
(intentional future: domanda che riguarda le intenzioni di altri)

16. “There’s no milk for breakfast tomorrow.” – “Don’t worry. I’ll buy some on my way home.”
(futuro spontaneo: decisione presa sul momento)

17. “Do you want to go to the cinema tonight?” – “Yes, what time does the film begin?”
(timetable future: inizio e fine con il present simple)

18. “This letter is for Rosie.” – “OK. I’ll give it to her.”
(futuro spontaneo: decisione presa sul momento)

19. “What are you doing next Monday afternoon?” – “I’m working.”
(diary future: domanda e risposta che riguardano programmi)

20. “I’m playing bridge tonight with Alan and Jill.”
(diary future: già programmato da parte di chi parla)

21. “I’m sure that I’ll recognise her.”
(constatazione soggettiva: parere di chi parla)

22. “Did you remember to book seats?” – “No, I forgot. I’ll telephone now.”
(futuro spontaneo: decisione presa sul momento)

23. “We are having some friends to lunch tomorrow.”
(diary future: già programmato da parte di chi parla)

24. “I’m seeing her tomorrow.”
(diary future: già programmato da parte di chi parla)
“I’m going to see her tomorrow.”
(intentional future: chi parla intende vederla ma non è programmato)

25. “John is bringing me his old piano this afternoon.” – “Really! Where are you going to put it?”
(diary future: già programmato da parte di chi parla)
(intentional future: domanda che riguarda le intenzioni di altri)

26. “We will know tonight.”
(constatazione oggettiva: non è né programmato né intenzionale)

27. “Are you going to the auction tomorrow?” – “Yes, I’m going, but I’m not going to buy anything.”
(diary future: già programmato da parte di chi parla tranne alla fine dove è più intenzionale)

28. “I told her three times yesterday. I won’t tell her again today.”
(promesse e rifiuti: si presenta come un rifiuto)

29. “He is playing in a tennis match on Friday.”
(diary future: già programmato da parte di chi parla)

30. “My nephew is coming to stay with me next weekend.” – “Which room are you going to give him?”
(diary future: già programmato da parte di chi parla)
(intentional future: domanda che riguarda le intenzioni di altri)

31. “He won’t believe it.”
(constatazione soggettiva: parere di chi parla)

32. “I’m spending a few days in Wincanton next week.”
(diary future: già programmato da parte di chi parla)

33. “He has gone to hospital with a broken leg.” – “I’m sorry to hear that. I’ll send him a card.”
(futuro spontaneo: decisione presa sul momento)

34. “I’m moving to a new flat next week.”
(diary future: già programmato da parte di chi parla)

35. “John’s father is going to build a new garage here.”
(intentional future: chi lo dice è informato e in più non c’è l’avverbio di tempo futuro)

36. “I can’t understand this letter. It’s in German” – “I’ll call my son. He’ll translate it for you.”
(futuro spontaneo: decisione presa sul momento)
(constatazione soggettiva: parere di chi parla)

37. “Where are you meeting them?”
(diary future: domanda che riguarda i programmi di altri)
N.B. Il senso del futuro lo da il pronome interrogativo ‘when’)

38. “What are you going to tell the police? – “I’ll tell them the truth.”
(intentional future: domanda che riguarda le intenzioni di altri)
(futuro spontaneo: decisione presa sul momento)
“I’m going to tell them the truth.”
(intentional future: chi parla ha avuto già il tempo per riflettere)

39. “Will you have another cup of coffee?” – “No, thank you.”
(offerte e richieste: offerta da parte di chi parla)

40. “He starts tomorrow.”
(timetable future: inizio e fine con il present simple) formale
“He’s starting tomorrow.”
(diary future: già programmato) informale

41. “When are you having your next lesson?” – “I’m having it on Monday.”
(diary future: domanda che riguarda i programmi di altri / futuro implicito con ‘when’)
(diary future: il giorno della lezione è già programmato)

42. “I’m giving him a football for his next birthday.”
(diary future: già programmato da parte di chi parla)
“I’m going to give him a football for his next birthday.”
(intentional future: chi parla ha questa intenzione)

43. “Look what I bought in the sales!” – “What a strange thing! Where are you going to put it?”
(intentional future: domanda che riguarda le intenzioni di altri)
“Where will you put it?”
(previsione soggettiva: dove prevedi di metterlo?)
N.B. secondo chi parla, chi l’ha comprato non ha avuto il tempo per pensare a dove metterlo.

44. “Is he going to wash the car?”
(intentional future: domanda che riguarda le intenzioni di altri)

45. “Did you know that France is playing against England on Saturday?”
(diary future: la partita è già programmata)

46. “Are you going to eat it raw (crudo)? You’ll be ill.”
(intentional future: domanda che riguarda le intenzioni di altri)
(il verbo ‘to be’: tende sempre a preferire l’uso di ‘will’)

47. “Why are you cutting those mushrooms?” – “I’m going to put them in the sauce.”
(intentional future: chi parla ha questa intenzione)

48. “Are you going to tidy the garage?” – “Yes, will you help me?”
(intentional future: domanda che riguarda le intenzioni di altri)
(offerte e richieste: richiesta di aiuto)

49. “The inspector is going to ask you a few questions.”
(intentional future: chi lo dice conosce le intenzioni dell’ispettore) informale
“The inspector will ask you a few questions.”
(constatazione oggettiva: comunica semplicemente la prassi) formale

50. “How do I get from here to London Bridge?” – “I don’t know, but I’ll ask that policeman.”
(futuro spontaneo: decisione presa sul momento)

51. “I’m competing in the bicycle race tomorrow.”
(diary future: la gara è già programmata)

52. “I’m sure that you’ll like her.”
(constatazione soggettiva: parere di chi parla)

53. “My brother came back from Spain this morning” – “Oh good, we’ll invite him to our next party.”
(futuro spontaneo: decisione presa sul momento)

54. “He’s leaving in a few days.”
(diary future: la partenza è già programmata) informale
“He leaves in a few days.”
(timetable future: partenze e arrivi con il present simple) formale

55. “What are you going to do when you grow up?” – “I’m going to work with animals.”
(intentional future: domanda e risposta che riguardano intenzioni)

56. “Will you open the door for me, please?”
(offerte e richieste: richiesta da parte di chi parla)

“57. You look frozen. Sit down and I’ll make you a cup of tea.”
(futuro spontaneo: decisione presa sul momento)

58. “Don’t worry. I won’t forget.”
(promesse e rifiuti: si presenta come una promessa)

59. “Mr Pitt said that he isn’t coming back until Wednesday evening.”
(diary future: la data del ritorno è già programmata)

60. “What are you going to do with all the money?”
(intentional future: domanda che riguarda le intenzioni di altri)
“What will you do with all the money?”
(previsione soggettiva: cosa prevedi di fare?)
N.B. secondo chi parla, chi ha ricevuto il denaro non ha avuto il tempo per pensare a cosa farne.


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